Ruin Susch

Fortezza Rohan Fortress Ruins

Festungsruine Fortezza Rohan
Susch

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The Fortezza Rohan is the ruin of a hill castle, east of Susch in the Lower Engadine. It stands on the hill of Khachina, above the village at about 1553 m above sea level.M.

Description

1578 a medieval castle is mentioned in a document: the countryman of the court Steinsberg testifies that the main castle of Khachina was the property of the Family Cazins in Susch. Possible remnants of this would have been removed by the construction of 1635. Only excavations could shed light on older settlements.

The complex, which is now visible today, was built in 1635 by Duke Henri II de Rohan in the Thirty Years' War during the Grisons turmoil and the struggles for the reconquest of the Veltlin to support the Spaniards and Austrians. A bulwark created from 19 to 27 May 1635 by Captain Borel de la Roque-Serviére and Jörg Jenatsch may have served as a temporary preparatory work for the Fortezza. After the cessation of hostilities, the fortress was abandoned.

The original wall height of the star-shaped fortress is still preserved in places and varies between 2.5 and 5 metres. The perimeter wall is between 0.5 and 1.5 metres thick. Below the crown of the wall was a wooden defensive passage, whose horizontal beams are still largely preserved. On the outside of the wall, numerous slanted upwards of wood should make it difficult to put storm ladders on. On the southwest corner there is a two-storey round tower with a basement room on whose platform there may have been a gun. The plant was divided by a central wall with a passage into two roughly equal areas. The main gate was in the southeastern part. A square building that was still standing in the 1930s was destroyed during world war ii by modern military installations that have since been demolished.

Directions

Public Transport

  • With the Rhaetian Railway (from Chur, Prättigau or Upper Engadine) hourly to Susch

Directions

  • From the north: via Landquart – Klosters by car through the Vereina tunnel (Selfranga - Sagliains) or over the Flüela Pass into the Lower Engadine on H27
  • From the east: via Landeck / Austria in the direction of St. Moritz on H27
  • From the south: via Reschenpass (Nauders-Martina) or Ofenpass (Val Müstair-Zernez) on H27

Parken

  • Free parking available in the village

Map

Responsible for this content Tourismus Engadin Scuol Samnaun Val Müstair AG.
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